Source: Agencies | 2013-3-6 | NEWSPAPER EDITION
This 2010 file photo shows John J. Wilpers Jr with his son John J Wilpers III and daughter Helen Wilpers Read, who are holding a photograph of their father standing over the wounded Japanese war criminal Hideki Tojo.
Photo by AP
JOHN J. Wilpers Jr, the last surviving member of the US Army intelligence unit that captured former Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo who was convicted a war criminal after World War II, has died at 93.
Wilpers died last Thursday at an assisted living facility near his home in Garrett Park, Maryland.
The New York native was part of a five-man unit ordered to arrest Tojo at his home in a Tokyo suburb on September 11, 1945, nine days after Japan's surrender ended the war. While the soldiers were outside, Tojo attempted to commit suicide by shooting himself in the chest. Wilpers ordered a Japanese doctor at gunpoint to treat Tojo until an American doctor arrived.
Tojo survived, was convicted of war crimes and was executed in December 1948.
Wilpers, a retired CIA employee, did not give media interviews until 2010, when he was awarded a belated Bronze Star by the US Army.
"He was terribly proud of what he did but was not boastful," his son John J Wilpers III said.
Wilpers, a 25-year-old lieutenant, was on the detail General Douglas MacArthur dispatched to arrest Tojo, sought by the Allied powers so he could be tried for atrocities committed by Japanese troops during the war, including the Bataan Death March.
After arriving at Tojo's house, the Americans heard a gunshot from inside. Wilpers kicked in a door to find Tojo slumped in a chair, his white shirt covered in blood. The bullet had missed his heart but left Tojo severely wounded.
According to reporters and photographers who followed the unit into the room and Wilper's own account given to the AP three years ago, Tojo's house staff and a Japanese doctor were reluctant to help the wounded man until Wilpers pointed his gun at the physician and ordered him to start treatment. An American Army doctor and medical staff eventually showed up and kept Tojo from dying.
Wilpers went on to a 33-year career with the Central Intelligence Agency. He and his wife Marian, who died in 2006, raised five children while living in a Washington, DC suburb, but he didn't tell any of them about his wartime experiences until decades later. He didn't give media interviews until 2010, when Pentagon officials held a ceremony to award him the Bronze Star he earned for arresting Tojo.